A Comprehensive Guide Regarding Modafinil For ADHD

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A Comprehensive Guide Regarding Modafinil For ADHD

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Is focusing on one single task for a longer period of time a challenging task for you? Do you feel the urge to move during your working hours continuously? Do you feel that people are getting disturbed because of you? If these are the thoughts constantly going in your mind, there is a high probability that you are confronting the issue of ADHD. There is no denying that ADHD can have a severe impact on your physical and mental health. For that reason, there is a need to counter this issue, and the ideal way to deal with this problem is Modafinil.

Before we can discuss the matter in detail, first, let's understand what exactly ADHD is. ADHD is referred to as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. As its name suggests, ADHD is a medical disorder. Due to this problem, an individual finds it challenging to carry out and focus on different tasks. Usually, this disorder is found to be more severe in adults and girls.

So, if you are looking to get comprehensive information regarding ADHD, you are at the right place. It is because, in this article, we will go through each and everything regarding ADHD. We will start with its root causes and then will proceed towards the latest advancement in the medical field regarding this issue. So, without further ado, let's get started.

What is ADHD?

ADHD, as mentioned above as well, is a disorder that directly affects your mental health and has a negative impact on the executive functions of your brain. Those adults who are going through this disorder face difficulties in meeting deadlines, being organized, setting objectives for themselves, or continuing with their jobs. Not just that, but they may also find it challenging to maintain their relationships, self-esteem and break their addictions.

ADHD is often regarded as a childhood disorder. However, this is not the case. With that being said, it is quite true that early age, the signs of ADHD can get visible, which may ultimately continue further in other stages of life as well. But, it may get improved with the passage of time as an individual gets older. This, however, is not always true.

Types of ADHD

As per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM), there are around three types of ADHD. These include Primarily Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD, Primarily Combined ADHD, and Primarily Inattentive ADHD.

If we talk about primarily hyperactive-impulsive ADHD, it is the type of ADHD where an individual confronts issues of controlling their emotions. They are not able to hold on to their emotions, and as a result, they speak at an inopportune moment.

The second type of ADHD, primarily inattentive, affects the person's ability to focus and be attentive. Due to this type, an individual faces issues paying attention to a particular thing, and for that reason, they easily get distracted. People who are going through this disorder tend to lose track of their conversations, cell phones, and even the simplest of things such as homework. These people are usually the ones who daydream a lot.

Primarily combined ADHD is basically the mixture of the two types of ADHD mentioned above.

As per the researchers, the people facing this disorder tend to move and switch from one type to another. For instance, an individual goes through hyperactive-impulsive disorder during their childhood. However, with the passage of time, this disorder becomes less severe, and simultaneously, the individual develops another disorder type which may be primarily inattentive ADHD. Similarly, as that individual gets older, they may develop primarily combined ADHD.

Causes of ADHD

In order to identify the root causes of ADHD, researchers at various health institutes such as the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and National Institute of Health (NIH) are carrying out their research. However, there are still no results achieved in this regard. According to them, the primary reason for ADHD can be related to the hereditary and genetics of the individuals dealing with such disorders. The neurotransmitter dopamine is a particular kind of gene which is considered to be causing ADHD disorder.

With regards to the main cause of ADHD, you will find a number of myths out there. Let's break a few of them. If you have heard that ADHD is developed due to playing video games excessively, remember that this is not the case. Moreover, bad parenting is also not the reason. High sugar intake associated with this disorder is also another myth, and there is no truth in it.

However, there are few factors that may be causing this disorder. Following are a few of them:

● Use of drugs, cigarettes, and alcohol during pregnancy
● Being underweight during the birth
● Brain injuries
● Factors associated with genetics
● Being exposed to harmful and toxic elements at an early age
● Hereditary

There is some progress being seen as researchers have started identifying the genes that have a type of link with ADHD. For the purpose of these studies, certain types of tests are conducted within various families. According to one study, around 25% of the relatives of an individual facing ADHD were also suffering from this disorder. This percentage is deemed as relatively higher in contrast to those families having no sign of ADHD. In addition to this, another study of twins indicated that there are around 82% of the chances for both of them suffering from the same disorder if one of them gets it. With regards to the case of fraternal twins, this percentage is reduced to 38%.

Moreover, according to other studies, children who were adopted and had ADHD did not show that their adopted parents suffered from this disorder. However, their biological parents did have ADHD. This ultimately implies that genetic factors play a major role in causing this disease rather than the other environmental factors.

ADHD and Other Factors

There is no denying that the major cause of ADHD is the genetic factor. However, there are other factors such as situational and environmental factors that contribute to it. Researchers have indicated that those women who drink alcohol and smoke during their pregnancy period usually give birth to a child who may become a victim of ADHD in contrast to those women who did not indulge in these activities during their pregnancy. In addition to this, individuals who tend to reside in old schools are vulnerable to suffer from ADHD due to the reason that there is a high content of lead in such schools.

False beliefs regarding ADHD

There are a number of false beliefs associated with the cause of ADHD. Let's bust a few of these myths. It was previously believed that high sugar foods could cause ADHD. However, there is no backing to such a belief. It is purely a myth. Other factors such as a strict environment in a house or poor parenting are all myths and are not true.

With that being said, there is a chance that poor management of time and being disorganized can cause ADHD in a child. You need to ensure that your child watches TV and plays video games, but to a certain limit. Even though a strict family environment does not cause ADHD, it can, however, deteriorate the condition.

Symptoms of ADHD

Following are a few of the most common symptoms of ADHD found in children:

Impatient regarding their turn: A sign of such people is that they are extremely impatient when it comes to waiting for their turn. They are always looking to snatch the turn of other people waiting ahead of them.

Self-centered behavior: People who confront ADHD are usually considered to be self-centered and are always concerned for their own benefit. They do not care about the needs of other people.

Less control over emotions: People with ADHD have almost no control over their emotions. They can have mood swings, and their emotions can change in moments. Also, they tend to express their emotions at the wrong time.

Fidgetiness: Individuals who have the disorder of ADHD always tend to move and are not able to sit still.

Lack of focus: People having ADHD find it difficult to pay attention to a particular task. They always require some sort of break. Also, they will agree and understand your requirements, but if you ask them something, they will feel hesitant to answer it.

Issues in planning:
Planning and then executing those plans is quite challenging for people who have ADHD.

Can't complete tasks on time: The individuals going through ADHD prefer doing multiple tasks; however, they face issues completing them on time. Most of them even leave their tasks unfinished.

Easily forget things: Individuals facing this disorder also tend to forget things quite easily. In fact, they don't even remember what they planned and what their objectives are.

Daydreaming: Daydreaming is quite common for people having ADHD. Children who have ADHD tend to stare into space without caring about the things happening around them.

Interrupting: People who are considered irritating or annoying to other people and interrupt them tend to be facing ADHD.

At certain points in life, various people may show one or more symptoms of ADHD. In that scenario, two things must be taken care of. Following are those two things:

● Do the signs repeat?
● Are these signs making your life difficult?

If your answer is yes, then the probability of you going through the disorder of ADHD is quite high.

Treatment of ADHD

It is quite disappointing to say that, as of now, there is no guaranteed cure for ADHD. But, through proper treatment, these symptoms can be reduced, and the functionality can be improved. With the help of medications ( natural and chemical remedies), this disorder can be treated. Other factors that can help in this regard are therapy, education, and training. Let's discuss each of these treatments comprehensively.

Natural Remedies

Avoid foods with preservatives and colorings: There are a few kinds of food chemicals which if you avoid, the chances of ADHD will be reduced. These food chemicals may include:

● Sodium benzoate which is usually found in carbonated drinks, juice products, and salad dressing
● FD&C Yellow No 5, which is commonly found in soft drinks, pickles, and granola bars
● FD&C Yellow No 6, which tends to be available in bread crumbs, cereals, icing, and candies
● FD&C Yellow No 10 can usually be found in sorbets, juices, and haddocks
● FD&C Yellow No 40 is commonly detected in ice creams, soft drinks, and medication of children

Avoid allergens: In order to eliminate ADHD, you need to get rid of foods having allergens. Consulting a doctor in this regard can prove to be extremely helpful. However, the following are a few foods that you can use for the purpose of experimenting:

● Chemical preservatives/additives, for instance, the BTA (butylated hydroxytoluene) and BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole), which are most commonly found in chewing gum, butter, cereals, and oily foods like potatoes.
● Milk
● Chocolates
● Eggs
● High salicylates foods such as tomatoes, plums, oranges, grapes, chili powder, berries, and apple & cider.

Spend some time outside: Individuals, especially the ones having ADHD, must spend time outside as according to the Pubmed study, this thing can help cure the ADHD disorder. People must increase their outdoor activities.

Education and training

Continuous support from family is essential for all those individuals who are suffering from ADHD and want to cure it. Family plays a significant role in this regard. The individual facing this disorder can visit a mental specialist in order to discuss the issue along with their family. They can learn and understand the symptoms as well as the cure for ADHD. In addition to this, the mental specialist would also be able to explain to the family of the sufferer as to what kind of behavior they should keep with them, which can help the individual in curing this disorder. Following are a few examples of education and training:

Training in parenting: This would teach parents how they can reward their children in order to increase positive behavior.

Developing support groups: All of the people with ADHD can connect with each other and create a social group in order to support one another in the process of treatment.

Techniques of stress management: A psychiatrist or psychologist specialist can guide families as to how they can treat the subject in a better and calm manner.

The subject who is suffering from ADHD may not get direct help from therapy. However, the family can be assisted in this regard which ultimately will help the individual. Following are a few ways through which this is done:

Children and teens: Parents along with the teachers can assist children and teens in following a proper routine and staying well organized. They can help them in staying attentive and finishing their tasks in time. Once the tasks are completed, the children and teens can be rewarded for their positive behavior.

Adults: In order to get organized and have proper management of time, the adults can take assistance from licensed mental doctors.

Try EEG feedback: In order to measure the brain waves, Neurotherapy treatment is used, which is called Electroencephalography (EEG). According to a study that took place in 2011, EEG can be very useful with regards to curing ADHD.

Enroll in a Tai-chi or yoga class: As per some studies, yoga can be very instrumental in curing ADHD. According to the 2013 research findings, people who frequently indulged themselves in yoga saw a remarkable improvement in anxiety over the period of time. The same is the case with Tai chi classes. The sufferer was able to cope up with anxiety in a better manner and also able to manage their time properly.

There is a particular kind of gaming session. In that, a child is required to fly a plane, and in case that child loses concentration, the plane will dive, and the screen might go dark. Due to this phenomenal technique, a child can easily develop better techniques for concentration over a period of time.

Try some supplements: Incorporating supplements into your diet can bring significant changes and may help you cure ADHD in a better manner. Following are a few of the supplements that you can try:

● Zinc
● Vitamin B-6
● Magnesium
● L-carnitine

Before you try any of the supplements, make sure to consult your doctor in this regard. They will provide you with advice considering your body composition.

Medications: If you try all of the aforementioned methods and nothing seems to work, the best thing you can do is to take medications. Medicines are deemed as an effective way to counter ADHD as they are developed after detailed studies by scientists. For this treatment, there are three lines of medications:

● Stimulants: These are the type of medications that help in boosting the dopamine content in your brain, which ultimately helps in curing ADHD and improves your ability to reasoning and thinking.

● Non-stimulants: Even though these are effective in curing ADHD, they take a considerable amount of time in contrast to stimulants. Individuals may go for non-stimulants if they have an allergy to stimulants. A combination of both can also be helpful. Having a doctor's prescription is important.

● Antidepressants: These are not used as much as the other types. However, sometimes they are prescribed for adults only. They are helpful in dealing with ADHD as they, similar to stimulants, increase the content of dopamine norepinephrine in the brain.

There are various brands that provide medications for these types. Each one of them has benefits as well as side effects. For that reason, the subject may try each brand and, after that, choose the one that seems more effective and beneficial. Consulting a doctor before choosing the medications is crucial.

Celebrities Suffering From ADHD

You may feel as if you are the only one who is suffering from ADHD. Well, there is nothing to worry about as various celebrities are also going through the same issues. Following is a list of these celebrities:

Karina Smirnoff: Not many people knew that she had ADHD until 2009, when she publicly revealed that she is suffering from this issue. In order to counter ADHD, she focused on her dancing. Similarly, you should find out what you like the most and indulge in that for the purpose of curing your disorder. Karina has started to notice improvements in her conditions, and her professional and personal life has also improved with the passage of time.

Michael Phelps: Michael Phelps has had this disorder since his childhood. Due to this, he faced a lot of difficulties in his school life. Medications along with the use of water helped him reduce ADHD. He used to spend more time in a calm and peaceful environment of water. Michael also encourages other individuals who are suffering to come forward and talk about this issue with someone who can listen to them. If you don't tell people about your disorder, no one will be able to help you cure it.

Ty Pennington: Ty Pennington used to be a very hyperactive student and would always interrupt the class. He also did not know how to cope up with this situation. Ty's mother was a psychosis who visited his school for the purpose of research. She was shocked to learn that her child is doing all kinds of mischief activities in his class. As of now, Ty Pennington is on medications and visits a psychiatrist on a regular basis.

Howie Mandel: Howie Mandel is a renowned game show host and stand-up comedian. He is known for his amazing personality and treatment with regard to ADHD. Not just that, but he is also going through OCD. Howie is confronting these disorders from a very young age. He grew up having such disorders in an era where people did not know what these were. Therefore, there were no treatments. However, with the passage of time and the latest advancements, the treatment for these disorders became possible for Howie. Currently, he is on medication and has improved significantly. He also talked about his disorders with his fans. This encouraged them to open up about their disorder as well.

Adam Levine: Adam Levine is a host of "The Voice." Most of the people did not know, but Adam had been going through anxiety disorder for a very long period of time. He is not able to focus, sit still, and carry out his regular tasks properly. Even though his parents tried to help him a lot by finding treatments, but at the end of the day, nothing seemed to work. This disorder has created a lot of issues for him in his professional life as he can not write or record songs. He is still trying to get rid of ADHD, but nothing is working as of now.

Modafinil for ADHD

In order to treat ADHD, a stimulant drug is used, which is called Modafinil (Provigil). Modafinil has some significant benefits and has proven to be very helpful for children and adults who are dealing with ADHD. According to Pubmed, in contrast to placebo, Modafinil is better and more effective in treating ADHD. Unlike Adderall, Modafinil is not a proper stimulant. Even though it has a different and unique structure, the effects it has are quite similar to stimulants. For instance, it can enhance focus and concentration, improve the ability to think and be more attentive m

What is Modafinil?

Modafinil, which is also referred to as Provigil, is a prescription drug. It is utilized in order to cure severe sleep disorders, which may also include narcolepsy. Adults above the age of 18 tend to use it in order to cure ADHD. Even though the FDA does not recommend using it for the purpose of treatment, a few of the researchers have been encouraged to use it and have shown its significant benefits to cure ADHD. Children and individuals under the age of 18 are strictly not allowed to use it. Also, you need to be careful using it as it is considered addictive.

How to use Modafinil for ADHD?

Modafinil is available in the form of a tablet. It is usually prescribed once a day. You can use it without or with food. You need to take it at the same time on a regular basis every day. Timing must be the same and will only change with the consultation of the doctor. You need to read all of the information on the prescription label and follow them properly. Even though it is useful, it can prove to be addictive. Make sure to take it regularly and don't stop using it all of a sudden. You should only take the amount of dosage that has been prescribed by the doctor.

This tablet may increase restfulness, but you still need to take it and stop only when your doctor suggests. For good sleep habits, you can take the doctor's advice and guidance. I'll again emphasize with the point that you need to consult your doctor before taking this medicine, or else you can face severe consequences.

Things To Consider When Taking Modafinil

1 For your understanding, Modafinil is a type of stimulant, and a lot of people are allergic to stimulants. Therefore, you need to consult your doctor in this regard and identify if you are allergic to it.

2 You also need to tell your doctor about the medicines you are already taking. Let it be any kind of medicine, herbal products, or nutritional supplements; you need to tell your doctor about it. You can mention the below-mentioned medicines if you are using them:

● Antidepressants such as desipramine, doxepin, amitriptyline, clomipramine, imipramine, nortriptyline, and various others.
● Anticoagulants such as warfarin
● Antifungals such as itraconazole and ketoconazole
● Medications used for seizures like carbamazepine (Tegretol), phenytoin (Dilantin), and Phenobarbital
● Cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune
● Propranolol (Inderal)
● Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
● Fluvoxamine (Luvox)
● triazolam (Halcion)
● Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)

These are just a few of the medicines that interact with Modafinil. You still need to consult your doctor regarding these and other medicines.

3 Are you an alcoholic person? If yes, then you need to talk about this matter with the doctor as well before you take the medicines.

4 In addition to this, you also need to consult your doctor about other health issues such as high blood pressure, mental illnesses, irregular heartbeat, and chest pain.

5 Various birth control pills, patches, implants, rings, intrauterine devices, and injections may not work properly due to the usage of Modafinil. You need to consult your doctor on which form of birth control is best and can be used along with Modafinil.

6 If you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant, you need to consult your doctor regarding the use of this medication. Also, if you are breastfeeding, you need to get your doctor's advice on this matter.

7 You need your doctor's suggestion regarding the use of Modafinil if you are going to have surgery.

8 Due to the usage of Modafinil, you may experience restfulness. However, this should not be your primary reason for using Modafinil. It is strictly not recommended.

9 If you are using Modafinil, you need to avoid smoking and drinking.

Pros of Modafinil

According to Harvard and Oxford University, Modafinil is considered to be the first-ever “safe, smart drug.” It can help in improving the cognitive functions of an individual. Even though now there are various smart drugs found in the market, Modafinil holds a special position for several doctors around the globe. Following are a few pros of using this medicine:

Modafinil is not a stimulant: Even though Modafinil has some effects similar to stimulants, it is not identical to it. Unlike stimulants, it does not harm your body severely. You may face withdrawal effects of other stimulants, but this is not the case with Modafinil.

It is not addictive: Modafinil is extremely beneficial in order to eliminate various addictions. However, you need to consult your doctor in this regard before using or stopping it.

Very few side effects: Like every other drug used to cure ADHD, Modafinil also has its side effects. However, they are less in number and severity.

Functions very well: It has been proven through various researches that Modafinil is beneficial for the purpose of ADHD treatment. The FDA will also approve it sooner or later.

How Can Your Mood & Focus Improve By Using Modafinil?

There is no denying that Modafinil can help you in improving your focus as well as your mood. It does that by making your resistance to fatigue better.

According to the University of Cambridge, with the help of Modafinil, you can remarkably improve your decision-making power. It does that by reducing the impulse response. Not just that, but your brain functioning is also improved significantly with its use.

In addition to this, the fatigue level, motivation, and reaction time are also improved by Modafinil. Many people have benefited from it by feeling less sleepy even though they had very small hours of sleep.

How safe is Modafinil
In comparison to other drugs used for the purpose of curing ADHD, Modafinil is considered a safer option.

There is a rare syndrome that is only found in 5 people out of one million. This syndrome is known as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). Due to it, individuals develop extremely harsh rashes, which can ultimately be life-threatening. There are various factors that trigger SJS. These include antibiotics, cough and cold medications, NSAIDs, cocaine, analgesics, phenytoin, and Modafinil as well.

Before you can use Modafinil, it is recommended to take a genetic test. If you want to reduce the risk of SNPs, you need to reduce the usage of drugs, and these may also include using Modafinil and antibiotics.

● HLA-DQB1*0601
● HLA-B*5801
● HLA-B*44
● HLA- B*1502
● HLA- A29<
● HLA-B12
● HLA-A2
● HLA-A*0206
● HLA-B*5801

Cons of Taking Modafinil

There are a few side effects caused by Modafinil. In case you experience these side effects repeatedly, you need to consult your doctor on an immediate basis. Following are a few of those side effects:

● Constipation
● Headache
● Gas
● Having problems while sleeping
● Dizziness
● Unusual tastes
● Nausea
● Nose bleed
● Excessive thirst
● Sweating
● Diarrhea
● Drowsiness
● Heartburn
● Loss of hunger
● Sweating
● Back pain
● Confusion
● Flushing
● Eye pain
● Body parts shaking uncontrollably
● Issues in seeing things properly

Below mentioned side effects could prove to be extremely serious. Therefore, if you experience Any of them repeatedly, you need to contact your doctor as soon as possible.

● Rash
● Hives
● Peeling skin
● Itching
● Depression
● Anxiety
● Chest pain
● Thoughts about harming someone
● Irregular heartbeat
● Hallucinating
● Mouth sores

Following are a few of the rare side effects of modafinil. These may have severe consequences:

● Liver functioning abnormally
● Asthma
● Significant allergic reactions
● A skin rash
● Skin disorders such as Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis ( the skin starts peeling and blistering)
● Heart beating abnormally
● Hives
● Angioedema
● Blood in urine
● DRESS Syndrome
● Visible water retention
● Hyperactive behavior
● Manic behavior
● Levels of white blood cells reduce significantly
● Suicidal thoughts
● Souring and swelling inside the mouth
● Asystole
● Difficulty in breathing
● Mental problems
● Signs of hepatitis, such as increased liver inflammation

Below mentioned side effects are rare but do not affect your body severely:

● Agitation
● Taste impairment
● Itching
● Gas
● Generalized weakness
● Excessive sweating

Is Modafinil harmful?

According to Harvard University researchers, the “world’s safest smart drug” is Modafinil. As per their research, the effects of Modafinil were at low risks provided that it is used as a short-term medicine. Regular users, however, may face issues such as vomiting, headache, dizziness, and various others.

Adderall vs. Modafinil

The purpose of both Adderall and Modafinil is the same. They are used to improve the central nervous system's functionality. Both of these drugs are listed as controlled substances by The United States Drug Enforcement Authority. If you combine the two drugs, amphetamine, and dextroamphetamine, the outcome would be Adderall. The FDA has approved Adderall for the purpose of treating ADHD. The ingredients used in Adderall are considered to be stimulants. They can help in enhancing the functioning of the nervous system. On the other hand, Modafinil's main purpose is to promote alertness and wakefulness as it is a neurogenic medication. Even though the FDA does not approve Modafinil, researchers believe that it can be used to treat ADHD.

Both of these drugs contain controlled substances. However, Modafinil's severity is less than that of Adderall. It is because it is a Schedule 4 controlled substance. In addition to this, the government also realizes that people do not abuse Modafinil as much as they do Adderall. Both Adderall and Modafinil have the same kind of mechanism. Doctors prefer utilizing the stimulant effect of Adderall as it can be used for the purpose of increasing alertness and reducing obesity. In order to deal with the issue of sleep disorders or fatigue, Modafinil is considered to be ideal. Again, it can be used for the purpose of curing ADHD.

It is important that before taking any decision regarding these drugs, a prescription from a physician must be taken. It is because a physician is more qualified to identify your body type and its requirements. As compared to Modafinil, Adderall can have a severe effect. Even though Modafinil stimulants have side effects, they are mild in nature and can be used for the purpose of dealing with lethargy and sleepiness. There will be no issue regarding agitation, irritability, disorder, and anxiety. As Adderall is considered an extremely powerful stimulant, it is essential to monitor its use.

As mentioned above as well, the FDA has still not approved Modafinil for the purpose of treating ADHD. Due to this reason, the insurance companies may not support using it and ultimately won't offer any kind of monetary help for the purpose of treatment.
Armodafinil vs. Modafinil
Both of these drugs are considered stimulants and utilized for the purpose of treating sleep disorders. These drugs are controlled by the DEA and are regarded as Schedule 4 medications. Armodafinil is also referred to as Nuvigil. It is basically a kind of Modafinil's r-enantiomer. It means that both medicines are relatively similar to each other. Armodafinil is available in various strengths such as 250mg, 200mg, 150mg, and 50mg.

Following is a comprehensive and step-by-step comparison of both of these medicines:

Modafinil and Armodafinil are both used for the purpose of treating obstructive sleep apnea, shift work disorder, and narcolepsy. Also, both medicines are stimulants. The manufacturer of Modafinil is Cephalon, whereas, for Armodafinil, it is Teva. Side effects such as insomnia, dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea, reduced appetite, headache, anxiety, and dizziness are associated with both of these drugs.

Both of these drugs are covered for insurance, but it will still depend on who the insurance provider is. Modafinil and Armodafinil are both available in oral tables, and their usage must be prescribed by a physician. The average for 30 tablets of Modafinil is $734, whereas, for Armodafinil, it is $225.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is important to consult a doctor before using these medicines.

The mechanism and applications of both of these drugs are very similar. In the BEERs list, the name of both of the drugs can be found as they are not recommended for people who are 65 or above. It is because they can have adverse side effects. Severe side effects, for instance, insomnia, anxiety, and increased heart rate, can be witnessed. The drugs must be kept at a distance from children and pets.

Diet While Using Modafinil

It is essential to have a proper diet while making use of Modafinil. The grapefruit and its juice can be very beneficial when using Modafinil.

What If I Forget To Take A Dose Of Modafinil?

In case you forget to take the dose of this medicine, the best thing you can do is to forget it and be careful for the next time. Make sure you don't take another dose at a different time. It can have severe consequences, and you only need to have a prescribed dosage.

Storage And Disposal Of This Medication

It is important to keep Modafinil in an airtight container. This medicine must be kept away from pets and children. Also, you need to store it in a place where there is no direct sunlight and moisture. Make sure you keep it in a safe place as someone can misuse it. In case you don't want to use it, you can dispose of it, but you need to ensure that it is still not within reach of animals, children, and other people. You can participate in a take-back program rather than flushing it away.

In Case Of Overdose
Overdose can have severe consequences, and therefore, you need to contact your doctor on an immediate basis.

Following are a few symptoms of overdose:

● Difficulty in falling asleep
● Confusion
● Nervousness
● Diarrhea
● Chest pain
● Agitation
● Restlessness
● Certain parts of the body shaking uncontrollably

What Should Other Care Be Taken?

Take an appointment with your doctor and make sure to visit them on a regular basis.

In addition to this, you can not allow other people to use your medication. It can affect them negatively. Also, make sure you don't sell Modafinil as selling them without a license is considered a crime. Before using the medicine, you need to check the expiry date.

Moreover, as we mentioned before as well, you do not have to ask your doctor about everything, especially with regards to your medicine. Along with that, you should also keep a written list and record of the medications that you use. It can include minerals, zinc, vitamins, supplements, and various other things. Having this information with you all the time can save you from a lot of unfortunate events and emergencies.
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